" /> FAQs - Skolex Biotechnologies


Q?How is worm compost better than other soil amendments?

Skolex Castings help to reduce and eliminate many chemicals now used in commercial agriculture, and in residential landscaping and gardening.   Excellent results are now being documented at in large scale applications such as vineyards and golf courses.

Organic fertilizers and soil amendments created by worms are unique materials that are unequaled by any combination of synthetic chemicals and far superior to regular compost. Castings are a stabilized slow release fertilizer “pellet” that contains NPK nutrients, trace metals, and an incredibly broad community of beneficial soil bacteria and fungi. Studies have demonstrated significantly better results compared to potting soil when germinating seed, propagating plants, fruit and vegetable yields including taste, and protecting plants from mildew and other pests.

The majority of these benefits are a result of creating a healthy root zone for the plant and providing plant nutrients at a rate that matches the needs of the plant. Skolex Castings also stabilize soil pH and moisture levels.

Q?Is worm composting more efficient than combustion?

Yes, it is.  Burning biomass in large quantities for heat and power can be difficult and expensive. Biomass is typically very wet (50% moisture) and does not combust efficiently. Biomass is also loaded with minerals that cause slagging, and metal oxidation (rusting). Burning biomass without proper emission controls also yields particulate matter which degrades air quality. Unfortunately, the “problem minerals” are often collected as flyash and bottom ash and sent to a landfill, permanently removing them from the soil where they are needed by plants.

Recycling biomass using earthworm technologies is sustainable and the right thing to do.

Q?Can worm composting impact carbon dioxide levels?

Yes, absolutely.  For every 100 tons of municipal and animal waste placed into the landfill more than 30 tons of carbon dioxide and methane are released. Carbon dioxide and methane gas are two very potent greenhouse gases.  The production of stabilized organic fertilizers by earthworms allows carbon to be “tied-up” or stabilized. Processing waste with worms is good for the environment.

Q?What can the worms eat?

Heard of the carbon to nitrogen ratio (C:N)? Proper composting methods require tight control of the C:N ratio to keep the composting process working quickly and efficiently. Earthworms are more flexible, eating everything except for synthetic plastics and metals. They can also eat their body weight, each day, in optimum conditions.  Ideally we do not compost with oils or highly acidic fruits as earthworms breath through their skin and can be adversely affected however.

Q?Does worm composting kill pathogens?

Pathogens such as E. coli. can be found in organic wastes. Studies have demonstrated that E. coli is eliminated as it passes through the earthworm digestive system.

Q?How fast do worms break down material?

Earthworms work faster than traditional composting.  Earthworms can eat (digest) 50% – 100% of their weight per day in organic matter and are capable of digesting cellulose. As a result, worms can quickly transform large quantities of organic matter including food scrapes, agriculture waste, animal waste, and paper/cardboard waste quickly and efficiently. This process transforms carbon and other plant nutrients such as nitrogen, calcium, and potassium into stable forms that can be stored without greenhouse gas release and serve as a perfect plant food.

Hot composting requires 30 – 180 days to stabilize and transform organic material into a useful soil amendment. In most instances the material must be frequently manipulated (turning, mixing, aerating, and piling) to reach stabilization. This process is microorganism driven.